He was the brother of Virginia Governor and U.S. Richard E. Byrd - Richard E. Byrd - Byrd’s accomplishments: Byrd was one of the world’s foremost aviators and displayed extraordinary gifts in organizing successful expeditions to Antarctica. Discover: The Story of the Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition by Richard Evelyn Bird, Jr. Byrd came from a rural community in Virginia born in 1888 his early life was pretty normal this changed when joined the Navy in 1912 at the age 20. Bases were located at Little America and Stonington Island, off the Antarctic Peninsula. His polar career began in 1924 when he had command of a small naval aviation detachment with Commander D.B. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (If this is true, then credit for the first flight over the North Pole actually belongs to Roald Amundsen of Norway, Lincoln Ellsworth of the United States, and Umberto Nobile of Italy, who made a well-documented flight over the Pole in a dirigible three days after Byrd’s flight.). Not only did Byrd take the plane but he … Nazis were fascinated with anything regarding the Aryan race. What was the famed “Sheet Metal Donkey”? His claim to have reached the North Pole is disputed. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Reader in Marine Biology, University of Hong Kong, 1957–60. After World War II Byrd was placed in charge of the U.S. Navy’s Operation High Jump. The objective: construct an American training and research facility in the South Pole. The flight lasted 151/2 hours, with no mishaps beyond an oil leak from the starboard engine of their Fokker trimotor airplane. After many polar accomplishments, Byrd organized Operation Highjump in 1947. The President has been advised. What about the rest of the Operation Highjump crew? Unfortunately the Military or Government made Byrd hand over his Diary before his death and it Disappeared. A range of high mountains, named the Rockefeller Mountains, was discovered, and a large tract of hitherto unknown territory beyond them was named Marie Byrd Land, after Byrd’s wife. (1) Did Admiral Byrd make a flight to the North Pole in February of 1947? Reader in Marine Biology, University of Hong Kong, 1957–60. On May 9, 1926, Byrd, acting as navigator, and Floyd Bennett as pilot made what they claimed to be the first airplane journey over the North Pole, flying from King’s Bay, Spitsbergen, Norway, to the Pole and back. Nope. Scientific staff member, Discovery Committee, 1929–39. This report is looking into only two questions. His major achievement was to apply the airplane, radio, camera, and other modern technical resources to these polar explorations. Byrd was never the grand wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. He is also known for discovering Mount Sidley, the largest dormant volcano in Antarctica. In 1928 he announced his decision to explore the unknown regions of the Antarctic from the air. Incredible! Airplane routes over the North Pole, including the one flown by Richard E. Byrd in 1926. Eight years later Byrd would make one of the early nonstop transatlantic flights; in the meantime he influenced flight development in other important ways. They traveled all over the world including Antarctica to learn more of alleged origins. However, what they have discovered doesn’t compared to what Byrd recorded in his diary. Omissions? In a world of greed and exploitation of mankind can no longer suppress that which is truth.”. Admiral Richard Byrd referred to Antarctica as “The Land of Everlasting Mystery” and of the North Pole he said: “I’d like to see that land past the North Pole, it is the Center of the Great Unknown.” Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (October 25, 1888 – March 11, 1957) was an American naval officer and explorer. During World War II Byrd served on the staff of the chief of naval operations and, among other duties, evaluated Pacific islands as operational sites. Prior to his death in 1957, I The life of Richard E. Byrd spanned an epoch in American history. “There comes a time when the rationality of men must fade into insignificance and one must accept the inevitability of the Truth! Convinced of the practicability of the airplane for polar exploration, in 19… If someone could find Byrds actual Diary I'm sure that would be an Interesting read, since he explored and discovered so much. One of the most interesting connections is that he is a direct descendant of Virginia Planter John Rolfe and his wife Pocahontas. In 1955 Byrd was made officer in charge of the United States’ Antarctic programs and became the senior authority for government Antarctic matters. With large financial backing from such wealthy Americans as Edsel Ford and John D. Rockefeller, Jr., his fame was such that he could inspire the American public to contribute liberally to the estimated cost of the venture, which was about $400,000. For this feat they were both awarded the U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor and were acclaimed as national heroes. Alone: The Classic Polar Adventures by Richard E. Byrd; Discover: The Story of the Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition by Richard Evelyn Bird, Jr. Richard E. Byrd (1888–1957) Contributed by Caryn E. Neumann. He was quite Respected and well know individual in his time. After the Soviet collapse in 1991, the KGB released previously classified files that cast light on the mysterious Byrd led Naval expedition to Antarctica. In 1933–35 a second Byrd expedition visited Little America with the aim of mapping and claiming land around the Pole; he extended the exploration of Marie Byrd Land and continued his scientific observations. Buckle your seatbelt, prepare for takeoff, and test your knowledge of the history of flight. Updates? A decorated naval officer, Byrd even received the Medal of Honor in 1926 for his alleged flight to the North Pole (though the legitimacy of this claim was later disputed by a number of researchers). Operation High Jump’s ship- and land-based aircraft mapped and photographed some 537,000 square miles (1,390,000 square km) of the Antarctic coastline and interior, much of it never seen before. Although Byrd was chosen to lead the mission for a rather specific reason, which I will later explain, he was quite qualified and a favorite amongst the American public–the perfect candidate of choice by U.S. Navy and Top Brass. This was perhaps his most controversial exploit. After graduating from the U.S. He was a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the highest honor for valor given by the United States, and was a pioneering American aviator, polar explorer, and organizer of polar He was the son of Esther Bolling (Flood) and Richard Evelyn Byrd, Sr. Richard Evelyn Byrd learned how to fly in the U.S. Navy and served as a pilot in World War I. He also assisted with dirigibles built for transatlantic crossings. Our emissaries have already delivered messages to the power of your World, and yet they do not heed.”. from TheHollowEarthInsider Website Background A few years ago I spent a great deal of time researching the Arctic and Antarctic exploits of Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd looking for anything that could explain why his name continues to pop up in any serious study of the Hollow Earth Theory.. He discovered the physics of life and nature in the fields of the antarctic. I have stated fully my discovery and the message from the Master. He learned flying at the U.S. According to the Master, places such as Tibet, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and the North Pole all have tunnels leading to Agartha. This article was produced by the Reuters Fact Check team. RICHARD BYRD. Nor will we be looking for proof that Admiral Richard E. Byrd discovered or explored unknown lands in the interior of our planet. For thousands of years, people all over the world have written legends about Agartha (sometimes called Agarta or Agarthi), the underground city. According to Byrd’s “diary,” the government ordered Byrd to remain silent for what he witnessed during his Arctic assignment: “I have just attended a Staff Meeting at the Pentagon. He successfully lobbied for legislation to establish a Bureau of Aeronautics in the Navy; and he commanded the Navy flying unit that accompanied Donald MacMillan's Arctic expedition of 1925, during which over 30,000 square miles of northern Greenland and Ellesmere Islandwere explored. What else did the Master teach Byrd? 137–52. I am interviewed intently by Top Security Forces and a Medical Team. He became the first person to take an airplane to Antarctica. Did Byrd find it? I am reminded that I am a Military Man and I must obey orders.”. All is duly recorded. He met “The Master,” the city’s leader, who told him of his concerns about the surface world: “Our interest rightly begins just after your Race exploded the first atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Byrd was a US Naval Academy man, learned to fly in World War I, and later developed navigational techniques for flying over open oceans. Byrd was in charge of Task Group 68.4. Byrd was afterward promoted to rear admiral for this achievement. Richard E. Byrd was a naval aviator and explorer of both the Arctic and Antarctica who became famous in 1926 as the first man credited with flying to the North Pole. Some doubt always lingered over whether their plane had actually reached the North Pole, and one of Byrd’s early associates, Bernt Balchen, even claimed after Byrd’s death that the flight to the North Pole had been a hoax. His ancestors include planter John Rolfe and his wife Pocahontas, William Byrd II of Westover Plantation, who established Richmond, and Robert "King" Carter, a colonial governor. He was finally rescued in a desperately sick condition, suffering from frostbite and carbon monoxide poisoning. Flights were made from this base over the Antarctic continent. Byrd didn’t uncover the underground world alone. Excerpt of The Hollow Earth (no ISBN): “During his Arctic flight of 1,700 miles BEYOND the North Pole he reported by radio that he saw below him, not ice and snow, but land areas consisting of mountains, forests, green vegetation, lakes and rivers, and in the underbrush saw a strange animal resembling the mammoth….”. A substantial and well-supplied base, called Little America, was built on the face of the Ross Ice Shelf, a wide plain of shelf ice fronting the Ross Sea near an indentation in the ice cliff named the Bay of Whales. The cause of his death is unknown to me at this time. Naval Academy in 1912, Byrd was commissioned an ensign in the U.S. Navy. Senator Harry F. Byrd, a dominant figure in Virginia Democratic Party between the 1920s and 1960s; their fatherserved as Speaker of the Virginia House of … During World War I (1914–1918), he conducted antisubmarine patrols in the North Atlantic and became a pioneer in navigating long distances, both on water and in the air. (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images) The animals taken on polar expeditions are almost invariably powerful sled dogs that will be put to good use, getting the … Richard Byrd was one of the "new" explorers who utilized airplanes for geographic exploration. Some named their children after him. How to Map a Ghost: What We Can Learn About Science and Data Visualization from Pandemics of the…, I Cannot Tell A Lie-Honest Abe Enslaved The Free, The Woman Who Survived a Meteorite Attack, Some of Your Favorite Products Have Absurd Medicinal Histories, Remembering Scientific Pioneer Dorothy Hodgkin. Byrd claimed that his expeditions had been the first to reach both the North Pole and the South Pole by air. Admiral Richard E. Byrd with Igloo, his Pet Wire Fox Terrier, Portrait, circa 1920’s. Whether the whole Hollow Earth story is fact or fiction, it’s great to imagine there are still hidden civilizations out there in the world. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, Jr., was involved in Operation Highjump which took place in 1946–1947 and established the Antarctic research base Little America IV. Additionally to Byrd’s recruitment another man, Rear Admiral Richard Cruzen, was selected to head-up the task force. Below is an article about Richard Byrd from the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (VMHB, Volume 110, Number 2). Some say the American government sent their troops to the South Pole for any evidence of the rumored German Base 211. Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, and served in the navy with distinction until the end of World War I. I am placed under strict control via the National Security provisions of this United States of America. During the winter of 1934 (from March to August) Byrd spent five months alone in a hut at a weather station named Bolling Advance Base, buried beneath the ice shelf face 123 miles (196 km) south of Little America, enduring temperatures between −58° and −76° F (−50° and −60° C) and sometimes much lower. He didn't discover Saturn, but he did discover the rings of Saturn. On November 29, 1929, Byrd, as navigator, and three companions made the first flight over the South Pole, flying from Little America to the Pole and back in 19 hours with no mishap. Byrd was an heroic figure, lauded worldwide as an American pilot, polar explorer, and organizer of polar logistics. His controversial 1926 flight over the North Pole won him the Medal of Honor and enabled him to secure funding for attempts to fly over the South Pole. At the request of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Byrd took command of the U.S. Antarctic service and led a third expedition to Antarctica in 1939–41, this one financed and sponsored by the U.S. government. They probably reflect Byrd's relationship with the Norfolk landowner and music-lover Sir Edward Paston (1550–1630) who may have written some of … It’s a name that many in the UFO and paranormal community are familiar with is admiral R E Byrd But who was Richard e Byrd, why is he so famous and what mysteries did he uncover? Byrd flew into Little America from the deck of the aircraft carrier Philippine Sea north of the ice pack, about 700 miles (1,100 km) from the camp. Byrd accompanied the expedition aboard the icebreaker Glacier and took his last exploratory flight over the South Pole on January 8, 1956. Byrd’s discovery of Thurston Island greatly decreased the length of unexplored coast of the continent. Exploring with Byrd: Episodes of an Adventurous Life by Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. Little America: Aerial Exploration in the Antarctic, The Flight to the South Pole by Richard Evelyn Byrd, Jr. In this capacity he helped supervise Operation Deep Freeze, a major scientific and exploratory expedition sent to the Antarctic under navy auspices as part of the program of the International Geophysical Year (1957–58). It was that alarming time we sent our flying machines, the ‘Flugelrads’ to your surface world to investigate what your Race had done…You see, we have never interfered before in your Race’s wars and barbarity. For this successful flight he was made a Commandant of the French Legion of Honour. Author of South Latitude and North Cape and others. Introduction By Warren R. Hofstra, pp. 6-th, 2001 - 23: 2 . Richard E. Byrd, in full Richard Evelyn Byrd, (born October 25, 1888, Winchester, Virginia, U.S.—died March 11, 1957, Boston, Massachusetts), U.S. naval officer, pioneer aviator, and polar explorer best known for his explorations … Indeed Byrd did not speak again to the Press about Operation Highjump, leaving it for researchers to speculate for decades over what really happened, and why Byrd was silenced. Discover Thomson Reuters. According to Hollow Earth theorists, Byrd met ancient race underground in the South Pole. After the war he developed navigational methods and equipment for NC flying boats, one of which made the navy’s first transatlantic airplane flight in 1919. MacMillan’s Arctic expedition to western Greenland, based at Etah. How did the Wright brothers control their aircraft while in flight? I am not at liberty to disclose the following documentation at this writing…perhaps it shall never see the light of public scrutiny, but I must do duty and record here for all to read one day. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. This Antarctic expedition, his fourth, was the largest and most ambitious exploration of that continent yet attempted and involved 4,700 men, 13 ships (including an aircraft carrier), and 25 airplanes. Medal of Honor recipient Admiral Richard E. Byrd allegedly wrote his encounter with a lost civilization in Antarctica. Admiral Richard Byrd has a large number of famous kin mainly due to his prominent colonial Virginia ancestors. Scientific staff member, Discovery Committee, 1929–39. It was an ordeal!!!! During his later years Byrd also added to his output of consort songs, a number of which were discovered by Philip Brett and Thurston Dart in Harvard in 1961. He made a second flight over the South Pole and took part in several other flights. The good Admiral made copious notes of his time in Antarctica and none of these refer to a “new green land beyond the pole”. He was a descendant of one of the First Families of Virginia. The experience of flying over sea ice and glaciers in western Greenland had fired Byrd with the ambition to fly over the North Pole. Richard E. Byrd and the Legacy of Polar Exploration. Richard Byrd discovered physics in 1888. I think the year was 1610. Richard E. Byrd, in full Richard Evelyn Byrd, (born October 25, 1888, Winchester, Virginia, U.S.—died March 11, 1957, Boston, Massachusetts), U.S. naval officer, pioneer aviator, and polar explorer best known for his explorations of Antarctica using airplanes and other modern technical resources. Apparently, the government knew about Agartha before Byrd. The Germans did make their mark in the South Pole. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Admiral Richard E. Byrd United States Navy 24 December 1956 —– End Of Quote —– It was in the following year after the above lines were supposedly written, that Admiral Richard E. Byrd died at the age of sixty-nine or seventy. How was this left out from Byrd’s mission: Operation Highjump? If you’re interested in more about Richard Byrd and the Hollow Earth/Agartha theory, check out the following: Nigerian civil war – thought you knew everything? Byrd’s first Antarctic expedition (1928–30), the largest and best-equipped that had ever set out for that continent, sailed south in October 1928. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? He almost flew over the North Pole in 1926. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Richard-E-Byrd, New Zealand History - Richard E. Byrd's plane on Pipitea Wharf, Wellington, United States History - Biography of Richard E. Byrd, Richard E. Byrd - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Richard E. Byrd - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, historic American icon famous for his explorations of the Earth’s polar extremities, was widely regarded during his lifetime as a pioneer and hero. Byrd next aided the American aviator Charles A. Lindbergh with navigational training and the use of the specially extended runway for Lindbergh’s transatlantic solo flight in May 1927. But now we must, for you have learned to tamper with a certain power that is not for your Man, mainly that of atomic energy. Byrd’s diary entries suggest that the airplane was still about 150 miles (240 km) short of the North Pole when Byrd decided to turn back because of his concern over the oil leak. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. ... Joe Biden did deliver a eulogy for Robert Byrd. The discovery in 1996 of the diary that Byrd had kept on his famous flight shed new light on this question. Author of. I am ORDERED TO REMAIN SILENT IN REGARD TO ALL THAT I HAVE LEARNED, ON THE BEHALF OF HUMANITY!!! I am now detained for several hours (six hours, thirty- nine minutes, to be exact.) Could it be one big hoax conspiracy theorists love to fantasize? Byrd then decided to make an attempt to fly the Atlantic from west to east; and in June 1927, with three companions, he made the flight in 42 hours, crash-landing in bad weather at Ver-sur-Mer on the coast of Brittany, France. Richard E. Byrd Jr., who lived his life in the shadow of his father, the admiral and Arctic explorer, was found dead last week in the darkness of an abandoned warehouse in … Honor and were acclaimed as National heroes and other modern technical resources what did richard byrd discover these polar explorations his major achievement to... Interior of our planet and glaciers in western Greenland, based at Etah for! Part in several other flights South Pole sick condition, suffering from frostbite carbon. 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