That evening, the officers are placed in a punishment hut, while Nicholson is locked in an iron box after getting beaten as punishment. Visit Kitulgala during the peak season of January to March, as the climate is cooler and with less rainfall; it’s the ideal time to partake in a variety of water sports in the area.  Ernest Gordon, a survivor of the railway construction and POW camps described in the novel/film, stated in a 1962 book, Through the Valley of the Kwai: "In Pierre Boulle's book The Bridge over the River Kwai and the film which was based on it, the impression was given that British officers not only took part in building the bridge willingly, but finished in record time to demonstrate to the enemy their superior efficiency. , Lieutenant Colonel Philip Toosey of the British Army was the real senior Allied officer at the bridge in question. , The producers nearly suffered a catastrophe following the filming of the bridge explosion. In reality, Japanese engineers proved to be just as capable at construction efforts as their Allied counterparts.. Two are shot dead, but United States Navy Lieutenant Commander Shears gets away. Although the Kelani River was a slower-moving waterway during the film’s shooting than it is today, David Lean (the director of the movie) is said to have nearly drowned when the river swept him away during a break from filming. An estimated 80,000 to 100,000 civilians also died in the course of the project, chiefly forced labour brought from Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, or conscripted in Siam (Thailand) and Burma. The prisoners work as little as possible and sabotage what they can. When Joyce is mortally wounded by Japanese fire, Shears swims across the river, but is himself shot. Usually, the correspondence centres on requests for support from the War Office. Two labour forces, one based in Siam and the other in Burma, worked from opposite ends of the line towards the centre. The bridge that was used to shoot the movie in 1956 and 1957 no longer exists, as it was dismantled once filming had concluded in order to protect the ecology of the surrounding environment. According to Columbia Pictures, they followed an all-new 4K digital restoration from the original negative with newly restored 5.1 audio. The site's critical consensus reads, "This complex war epic asks hard questions, resists easy answers, and boasts career-defining work from star Alec Guinness and director David Lean. David Lean himself also claimed that producer Sam Spiegel cheated him out of his rightful part in the credits since he had had a major hand in the script. The official credit was given to Pierre Boulle (who did not speak English), and the resulting Oscar for Best Screenplay (Adaptation) was awarded to him.  On a BBC Timewatch programme, a former prisoner at the camp states that it is unlikely that a man like the fictional Nicholson could have risen to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and, if he had, due to his collaboration he would have been "quietly eliminated" by the other prisoners. This film was shot in Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon), and a bridge was erected for the purpose of shooting the film over Kelani River at Kitulgala, Sri Lanka. After Guinness was done with the scene, Lean said, "Now you can all fuck off and go home, you English actors. For example, a Sergeant-Major Risaburo Saito was in real life second in command at the camp. On February 1, 2021, MHM's Film Reviews will only be available on our YouTube Channel. , The film was relatively faithful to the novel, with two major exceptions. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film received an approval rating of 95% based on 58 reviews, with an average rating of 9.33/10. In the film, a Colonel Saito is camp commandant.  Ebert notes that the film is one of the few war movies that "focuses not on larger rights and wrongs but on individuals", but commented that the viewer is not certain what is intended by the final dialogue due to the film's shifting points of view. The conditions to which POW and civilian labourers were subjected were far worse than the film depicted. In early 1943, British POWs arrive at a Japanese prison camp in Burma. , Lean nearly drowned when he was swept away by the river current during a break from filming.. , This article is about the film. The Bridge on The River Kwai. The film was directed by David Lean and starred William Holding, Jack … Young: "Donald, did anyone whistle Colonel Bogey ... as they did in the film?" , Many directors were considered for the project, among them John Ford, William Wyler, Howard Hawks, Fred Zinnemann, and Orson Welles (who was also offered a starring role). The movie, exploring the lives of British prisoners of war being held at a Japanese prison camp in Burma, was filmed in Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon) near the town of Kitulgala, which is known for its rainforests, adventure sports and activities. And a bloke called George Siegatz ... —an expert whistler—began to whistle Colonel Bogey, and a hit was born.".  In 1999, the British Film Institute voted The Bridge on the River Kwai the 11th greatest British film of the 20th century. The commandant, Colonel Saito, informs them that all prisoners, regardless of rank, will work on the construction of a railway bridge over the River Kwai that will connect Bangkok and Rangoon. Sri Lanka is to rebuild the replica bridge destroyed in an iconic scene from the film Bridge on the River Kwai, as part of a tourism drive. , Warren Buffett said it was his favorite movie. It was still highly unusual at that time for a television network to show such a long film in one evening; most films of that length were still generally split into two parts and shown over two evenings.  By October 1960, the film had earned worldwide box office revenues of $30 million. The movie, exploring the lives of British prisoners of war being held at a Japanese prison camp in Burma, was filmed in Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon) near the town of Kitulgala, which is known for its rainforests, adventure sports and activities. IT WAS LOOSELY BASED ON REAL EVENTS. Wise: "I never heard it in Thailand. , Roger Ebert gives the film four out of four stars. The Bridge on the River Kwai is a 1957 epic war film directed by David Lean and based on the 1952 novel written by Pierre Boulle. Shears, who is a British commando officer like Warden in the novel, became an American sailor who escapes from the POW camp. In fact, two bridges were built: a temporary wooden bridge and a permanent steel/concrete bridge a few months later. Witnessing the carnage, Clipton shakes his head, muttering, "Madness! However, in 1943 a railway bridge was built by Allied POWs over the Mae Klong river – renamed Khwae Yai in the 1960s as a result of the film – at Tha Ma Kham, five kilometres from Kanchanaburi, Thailand. Three prisoners escape. Alec Guinness, William Holden, Jack Hawkins, and Sessue Hayakawa. War film directed in 1958 by David Lean, and starring William Holden, Alec Guinness, Jack Hawkins, James Donald, Sessue Hayakawa, André Morell, Geoffrey Horne, Peter Williams, John Boxer, Percy Herbert, Harold Goodwin, Ann Sears, Heihachiro Okawa… When Major Clipton, the British medical officer, warns Saito there are too many witnesses for him to get away with murder, Saito leaves the officers standing all day in the intense heat. He, Shears, and Canadian Lieutenant Joyce reach the river in time with the assistance of Siamese women bearers and their village chief, Khun Yai. An example of this is when commandos Warden and Joyce hunt a fleeing Japanese soldier through the jungle, desperate to prevent him from alerting other troops. , The film was re-released in 1964 and earned a further estimated $2.6 million at the box office in the United States and Canada but the following year its revised total US and Canadian revenues were reported by Variety as $17,195,000. Julie Summers, in her book The Colonel of Tamarkan, writes that Boulle, who had been a prisoner of war in Thailand, created the fictional Nicholson character as an amalgam of his memories of collaborating French officers. Toosey was very different from Nicholson and was certainly not a collaborator who felt obliged to work with the Japanese. Discover this hidden gem set away from the crowds. ", Variety gave high praise for the movie saying that it is "a gripping drama, expertly put together and handled with skill in all departments. “The Bridge of the River Kwai” from 1957, runs 2 hours, 47 minutes, and will be broadcast Saturday, Nov. 14, at 9 p.m. on PBS. It was repaired in time to be blown up the next morning, with Bandaranaike and his entourage present. , A memorable feature of the film is the tune that is whistled by the POWs—the first strain of the march "Colonel Bogey"—when they enter the camp. The Bridge on the River Kwai is a British 1957 movie from Columbia Pictures, based on Pierre Boulle's 1952 book The Bridge over the River Kwai (French: Le Pont de la Rivière Kwai).The movie was mainly filmed in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and also in England.. Whether via VHS, widescreen VHS, LaserDisc, DVD, or even high-definition Blu-ray, it has long been plagued by an overly contrasty, crushed, murky look that didn’t quash its emotional impact but nonetheless seemed like a missed opportunity, especially given the film’s lush setting. , The plot and characters of Boulle's novel and the screenplay were almost entirely fictional.. " Significant praise was also given to the actors especially Alec Guinness, Variety said that "the film is unquestionably Guinness'". The bridge in the film was near Kitulgala. The train crashed into a generator on the other side of the bridge and was wrecked. does not fall onto the plunger, and the bridge suffers only minor damage. The film was made in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). What the film did not win was the respect and admiration from members of the Far East Prisoners of War (FEPOW) due to the fictitious portrayal of events. In 1941 the Japanese Army invaded Thailand.They built a railway to link Bangkok to Rangoon.Thousands of Asian workers and POWs … You may not have heard of Kanchanaburi, but there’s a strong chance that you’re familiar with the 1957 Academy Award-winning dramatic film ‘The Bridge Over the River Kwai’, which was set there. The filming of the bridge explosion was to be done on 10 March 1957, in the presence of S.W.R.D. Spike from the Burma Railroad. The movie, exploring the lives of British prisoners of war being held at a Japanese prison camp in Burma, was filmed in Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon) near the town of Kitulgala, which is known for its rainforests, adventure sports and activities. , The Bridge on the River Kwai was a massive commercial success. In March 1958, The Bridge on the River Kwai swept seven Academy Awards including the award for Best Picture.  He strongly denied the claim that the book was anti-British, although many involved in the film itself (including Alec Guinness) felt otherwise. The filming location for Bridge on the River Kwai is today indicated by a discreet, rusted piece of metal on which directions to the area have been painted. The destruction of the bridge as depicted in the film is also entirely fictional. Shears is so appalled at going back he confesses he is not an officer; he impersonated one, expecting better treatment from the Japanese. Attention!  Boulle had never been to the bridge. It's more appropriate - and much more fun - to take the train from Bangkok to Kanchanaburi and the Bridge on the River Kwai using the Death Railway itself. , Slant Magazine gave the film four out of five stars. , Director David Lean clashed with his cast members on multiple occasions, particularly Alec Guinness and James Donald, who thought the novel was anti-British. I mean, at least not in my lifetime.  The image was restored by OCS, Freeze Frame, and Pixel Magic with George Hively editing. The filming location for Bridge on the River Kwai is today indicated by a discreet, rusted piece of metal on which directions to the area have been painted. Lean filmed the scene from behind Guinness and exploded in anger when Guinness asked him why he was doing this. Unique to this film, in some ways, were other issues related to poorly made optical dissolves, the original camera lens and a malfunctioning camera. swept seven Academy Awards including the award for Best Picture. Mitch Miller had a hit with a recording of both marches. In 1997, the film was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the United States Library of Congress. In many tense, dramatic scenes, only the sounds of nature are used. ABC, sponsored by Ford, paid a record $1.8 million for the television rights for two screenings in the United States. , The film was an international co-production between companies in Britain and the United States. When the Japanese launched their lightning attacks in December 1941, they not only targeted the American fleet and its island bases, but … He described the music for The Bridge on the River Kwai as the "worst job I ever had in my life" from the point of view of time. The cast includes The separate dialogue, music and effects were located and remixed with newly recorded "atmospheric" sound effects. Only in 1984 did the Academy rectify the situation by retroactively awarding the Oscar to Foreman and Wilson, posthumously in both cases. The official credit was given to Pierre Boulle (who did not speak English), and the resulting Oscar for Best Screenplay (Adaptation) was awarded to him. The fourth film in our blog series is ‘The Bridge on the River Kwai’ (1957) directed by David Lean. In a 1988 interview with Barry Norman, Lean confirmed that Columbia almost stopped filming after three weeks because there was no white woman in the film, forcing him to add what he calls, "a very terrible scene" between William Holden and the nurse on the beach.  The 167-minute film was first telecast, uncut, in colour, on the evening of 25 September 1966, as a three hours-plus ABC Movie Special. Desperate, he uses the anniversary of Japan's 1905 victory in the Russo-Japanese War as an excuse to save face and announces a general amnesty, releasing Nicholson and his officers and exempting them from manual labour. It is as beautiful a film to watch today as it was in 1957, proudly boasting the Cinemascope format that was used to photograph the wilds of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) which stood in for the film… By daybreak the river level has dropped, exposing the wire connecting the explosives to the detonator. , British composer Malcolm Arnold recalled that he had "ten days to write around forty-five minutes worth of music" - much less time than he was used to. , The film initially received generally positive reviews, with Guinness being widely praised for his performance. Their roles and characters, however, are fictionalised. Thanks to the film, the Bridge, situated in the Thai town of Kanchanaburi a couple of hours drive from Bangkok, is one of Thailand’s most popular tourist attractions. The Bridge on the River Kwai is an epic World War II film directed by David Lean and based on the novel by Pierre Boulle. "The ending of that was sort of the story of life. Only in 1984 did the Academyrectify the situation by retroactively awarding the Oscar t… The adventure war film The Bridge on the River Kwai may have swept the board of awards and attracted acclaim as one best films of the 20th century, but … From Bangkok:There's something not right about taking a bus to see the Death Railway and Bridge on the River Kwai. Toosey in fact did as much as possible to delay the building of the bridge. Arnold won an Academy Award for the film's score. , The film was restored in 1992 by Columbia Pictures. Nicholson is shocked by the poor job being done by his men. The film is set in 1943, as the forces of Imperial Japan are tightening their hold on South East Asia. Warden fires a mortar, wounding Nicholson. But the unusual move paid off for ABC—the telecast drew huge ratings with a record audience of 72 million and a Nielsen rating of 38.3 and an audience share of 61%. The documentary itself was described by one newspaper reviewer when it was shown on Boxing Day 1974 (The Bridge on the River Kwai had been shown on BBC1 on Christmas Day 1974) as "Following the movie, this is a rerun of the antidote.". David Lean's epic war drama The Bridge On The River Kwai is a film that succeeds in keeping the "epic" relatively small scale. We worked at bayonet point and under bamboo lash, taking any risk to sabotage the operation whenever the opportunity arose. Over the protests of some of his officers, he orders Captain Reeves and Major Hughes to build a proper bridge, in order to maintain his men's morale and pride in their professionalism. Most importantly, there were nowhere to escape from the camp as it was surrounded by jungle. On this, its 60th birthday, The Bridge on the River Kwai has lost none of its majesty. However, the true history of what really happened during the building of the bridge over the River Kwai has almost been erased by the popularity of the movie. For the novel, see, 1957 World War II film directed by David Lean, American theatrical release poster, "Style A", A transcript of the interview and the documentary as a whole can be found in the new edition of John Coast's book, Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, 11th greatest British film of the 20th century, the highest-grossing film of 1957 in the United States and Canada, Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium, Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures, Best Sound Track Album, Dramatic Picture Score or Original Cast, AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition), "Complete National Film Registry Listing | Film Registry | National Film Preservation Board | Programs at the Library of Congress | Library of Congress", "New to the National Film Registry (December 1997) - Library of Congress Information Bulletin", "Flashback: A look back at this day in film history (, "How Father Brown Led Sir Alec Guinness to the Church", "links for research, Allied POWs under the Japanese", "The Colonel of Tamarkan: Philip Toosey and the, "Once-Stupendous-Now-Modest $2,700,000 Budget Kept Secret; 'River Kwai's' Sockfull Gross", "Balu Mahendra, who made his visuals speak, dies at 74", "Warren Buffett carries an American Express card and about $400 in cash", The Colonel of Tamarkan: Philip Toosey and the Bridge on the River Kwai, "Movies | Disc & Digital | Sony Pictures", "Wayne and Shuster Show, The Episode Guide (1954–1990) (series)", Lost and Found: The Story of Cook's Anchor, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama, National Board of Review Award for Best Film, New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Bridge_on_the_River_Kwai&oldid=992497779, Films featuring a Best Actor Academy Award-winning performance, Films featuring a Best Drama Actor Golden Globe winning performance, Films whose cinematographer won the Best Cinematography Academy Award, Films whose director won the Best Directing Academy Award, Films whose director won the Best Director Golden Globe, Films whose editor won the Best Film Editing Academy Award, Films whose writer won the Best Adapted Screenplay Academy Award, Films that won the Best Original Score Academy Award, United States National Film Registry films, Films with screenplays by Michael Wilson (writer), Short description is different from Wikidata, Album articles lacking alt text for covers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, $30.6 million (worldwide rentals from initial release), Best DVD Original Retrospective Documentary/Featurette, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 16:08. 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